Whereas Islam is a Faith of Peace, What Made the Muslims Violent and Terrorists?

Submitted By Mirza Ashraf

ABSTRACT: History does not account top-down oppression as terrorism while retaliation to such oppression from bottom-up is described as violence and terrorism. Though religion-inspired terrorism has appeared on the fringes of all major and minor religions, today it is more frequent than other religions among Islamic groups from West Africa to Central Asia and Philippines. Is this mere accident or could a pattern be detected? In this article I have attempted to break the stranglehold from within illustrating that in Islam, though there is no such term as terrorism but the terrorist attacks of 9/11 were perpetrated by some non-state Muslim actors. … Terrorism seems to be in the interest of the Western powers helping them to turn the Islamic ideology against itself. It derives its impetus from the flaws of previous century’s nation-state system in the Middle East. The fate of its course depends upon the response of Western Powers. The West is viewed by the Arabs responsible for dividing the Arab world into small nation states, and appointing or supporting corrupt rulers as its agents. Therefore, for some zealous Muslims, targeting and charging mortal threats to the Western world and their agent rulers, is a freedom seeking tactic of the followers of Islam. Whereas they believe Islam is a faith of peace, a bottom-up struggle, even by raising arms for freedom and justice, is a rational crux in pursuit of their just objectives. . . . For the revolutionists, terrorism prompts justice for those who are oppressed and is an emanation of virtue. Since the concept of prompt and ready justice is at the core of Islamic Shari’ah, such justifications further embolden the religiously zealous jihadists. They are further inspired by the argument of Sergius Stepniak, a Russian-born fighter for democracy that “the terrorist … is noble, terrible, irresistibly fascinating, for he combines in himself the two sublimities of human grandeur: the martyr and the hero.” Within this context as the revolutionary Europeans justified or authenticated the use of terrorism as a struggle for the restoration of human liberties, it also provided a justification to the Muslims parallel to just war theory. Muslims under colonial rules adopted it as a form of new technique of revolutionary struggle wherever a dysfunctional relation showed up between the state and society. Just as the political sensibility of the French Revolution justified violence and terrorism as an important avenue leading towards a political progression, Muslims maintain that violence today, whether conducted with a religious commitment or an ideological determination, is “a politics by other means.” . . . Terrorist tactics, thus, have been learned by the Muslims from the Europeans, not from the Qur’an, which does not contain any injunction promoting terrorism. In Islam the term “terrorist” or an act defined as “terrorism,” has never been adopted by an individual or a group. It has always been applied to them by others, either by the governments of the states they target or by the societies practicing oppression. . . . The problem can be overcome, only if the Muslims think rationally and instead of presenting terrorism as a misinterpretation of Islam they need to view it as a mortal danger to Islamic civilization. It is time that Muslims need to accept the truth that we all live in a common and increasingly mixed global community where we share a common global history. Today, modern technology has connected us with each other irrespective of our faiths and beliefs. Because of scientific-enlightenment, day by day nonviolent forms of social and political changes are overtaking violent forms and actions.

For complete article please click at: https://independent.academia.edu/MirzaAshraf

The Data That Threatened To Break The Physics

Ereditato is the former leader of the 160 physicists from 13 countries that compose the OPERA collaboration, whose goal is to study neutrino physics. It was first proposed in 2000, and Ereditato led it from 2008 to 2012. Then in late winter of 2011, the impossible seemed to happen. “The guy who is looking at the data calls me,” Ereditato tells me from my computer screen. “He says, ‘I see something strange.’ ” What he saw was evidence that neutrinos traveled through 454 miles of Earth’s crust, from Switzerland to Italy—which they are supposed to do—at such a high speed that they arrived 60.7 nanoseconds faster than light could travel that distance in outer space—which should have been impossible.

Over the last century, Einstein’s observation that no massive object can travel faster than the speed of light in a vacuum, enshrined in his theory of special relativity, has become a keystone of how we understand the universe. If the OPERA measurement was correct, it would mark the first-ever violation of that theory: An atom bomb in the heart of our understanding of the universe.

I ask Ereditato if he thought it must have been a mistake. “I don’t think it’s fair to say this,” Ereditato tells me. “If we say that, we bias our analysis. So when we got this indication that something was so astonishing, the first reaction was, well, let’s find why this is so.”

Wolfgang Pauli postulated the existence of neutrinos in 1930 to solve a simple problem. When nuclei undergo beta decay through the emission of an electron or a positron, the electron’s antimatter equivalent, something is missing. Either something invisible is emitted along with the electron or positron, or energy must disappear. Since no repeatable experiment of anything flying, falling, moving, colliding, decaying, or staying put had ever seen energy disappear, Pauli proposed the neutrino, an invisible particle with all the properties necessary to bring beta decay into accord with the first law of thermodynamics. By invisible, I mean that when neutrinos pass through matter they rarely leave a trace. So rarely that it took almost 30 years before an experiment (by Frederick Reines and Clyde Cowan) found physical evidence of them.

Today, neutrinos are an integral part of the Standard Model’s periodic table of particle physics. Here you’ll find the particles that make up matter listed in pairs separated into three categories: electron neutrinos are paired with electrons, muon neutrinos with muons, and tau neutrinos with, you guessed it, taus. Neutrinos can morph from one flavor into another. For example, an electron neutrino can oscillate into a muon neutrino, and a muon neutrino can flip into a tau neutrino. “Neutrino oscillations are the first indication of physics beyond the Standard Model,” Ereditato tells me. Laughing, he adds, “That’s the reason why I like neutrinos.”


posted by f. sheikh

‘Day Care And  Childhood Cancer’ By  Warren Cornwall 

For years, scientists have noticed an interesting pattern of cancer among children. Those who went to day care early in life were less likely to later develop the most common childhood cancer: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Now, a 7-year study appears to have unraveled the molecular mechanism driving ALL. The work may explain why early exposure to infections in places such as day cares seems to protect against the disease and why unrelated vaccines help guard against this cancer.

For Mel Greaves, a cancer cell biologist at the University of London’s Institute of Cancer Research, the finding provides an explanation for the hypothesis he has long promoted: that when infants in modern societies are sheltered from routine infections, their immune systems are more likely to overreact during later infections, paving the way for ALL. “I see it as the missing link,” he says of the new research.

Most childhood ALL involves a malfunction of B cells, the scouts of the immune system that patrol the bloodstream looking for intruders like viruses and bacteria; they make antibodies that help fight infections. But with leukemia, the immune system goes haywire, churning out flawed, immature B cells at a prodigious rate and crowding out healthy blood cells.

Normal B cells are a marvel of adaptability. As they mature, they reprogram their own DNA, enabling the immune system to produce millions of different B cells programmed to recognize the vast range of potential infections. The DNA rearrangement relies on a sequence of enzymes. First, proteins known as RAGs cut and paste whole chunks of DNA. After that, another enzyme, AID, goes to work “fine-tuning” the DNA by altering single nucleotides.

But Greaves and colleagues suspected this process could go awry, introducing mutations that create flawed B cells that could cause leukemia. In a series of experiments, they found evidence that much of the problem lay with a breakdown in the orderly sequence of gene editing during infections. Rather than the RAGs doing their business and then stepping aside for the AID, the AID kicked in simultaneously, potentially increasing the risk of gene-editing errors. Click link below for full article;


posted by f. sheikh

Top Five Misquotations Of The Quran – MuslimMatters.org; submitted by Tahir Mahmood

The recent surge in negative sentiments towards Islam and Muslims has resulted in many attempts to depict the religion as inherently violent. This has also resulted in absurd accusations against the Qur’an. What are the five most frequently misquoted passages in the Qur’an? Do accusations of violence stand up to academic scrutiny, or are the verses being distorted to suggest the opposite of what they actually say?